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21. According to Paragraph1, Parkrun has .
[A] gained great popularity
[B] created many jobs
[C] strengthened community ties
[D] become an official festival
【答案】[A] gained great popularity
【解析】事實細節題。題目問得是根據第一段的內容，Parkrun的具體相關信息。答案定位到文章第一段的第二句 “The Parkrun phenomenon began with a dozen friends and has inspired 400 events in the UK and more abroad. Events are free, staffed by thousands of volunteers.”，答案A選項中的gained great popularity 是對 inspired 400 events in the UK and more abroad的同義改寫，即，Parkrun廣受歡迎。
22. The author believes that London’s Olympic“legacy” has failed to .
[A] boost population growth
[B] promote sport participation
[C] improve the city’s image
[D] increase sport hours in schools
【答案】[B] promote sport participation
【解析】觀點細節題。題目問得是作者認為：倫敦奧運會的附帶作用未完成...。答案定位到文章第二段的第第四句及第五句 “The population would be fitter, healthier and produce more winners. It has not happened. The number of adults doing weekly sport did rise, by nearly 2 million in the run—up to 2012—but the general population was growing faster.”，答案B選項中的promote sport participation 是對 The population would be fitter, healthier and produce more winners. It has not happened的同義改寫，即，作者認為倫敦奧運會的附帶作用未促進民眾對于體育運動的參加情況。
23. Parkrun is different from Olympic games in that it .
[A] aims at discovering talents
[B] focuses on mass competition
[C] does not emphasize elitism
[D] does not attract first-timers
【答案】[C] does not emphasize elitism
【解析】因果細節題。題目問得是作者認為：Parkrun與奧運會的不同在于...。答案定位到文章第三段 “The Olympic bidders, by contrast, wanted to get more people doing sports and to produce more elite athletes.”，答案C選項中的does not emphasize elitism是對 to produce more elite athletes的同義改寫，即，Parkrun與運動會不同在于Parkrun并不是以培養體育精英為目的。
24. With regard to mass sport, the author holds that governments should.
[A] organize “grassroots” sports events[B] supervise local sports associations
[C] increase funds for sports clubs
[D] invest in public sports facilities
【答案】[D] invest in public sports facilities
【解析】觀點細節。題目問得是作者認為：就大眾運動，政府應該...。答案定位到文章第四段 “ If there is a role for government, it should really be getting involved in providing common goods—making sure there is space for playing fields and the money to pave tennis and netball courts, and encouraging the provision of all these activities in schools..”，答案D選項中的invest in public sports facilities是對 it should really be getting involved in providing common goods的同義改寫，即，作者認為政府應為大眾投資更多運動基礎設施。
25. The author’s attitude to what UK governments have done for sports is.
【解析】態度題。題目問得是作者對政府行為的態度。答案定位到文章第四段 “But successive governments have presided over selling green spaces, squeezing money from local authorities and declining attention on sport in education. Instead of wordy, worthy strategies, future governments need to do more to provide the conditions for sport to thrive. Or at least not make them worse.”，答案B選項 critical是在該句中體現的，即，作者就英國政府對體育的所為的態度是...。通過看到“but”一詞就可知此處是作者真正要表達的意圖，英國政府本該為民眾提供更多的體育基礎設施，而英國政府真正做的卻是大規模銷售綠地及從地方當局壓榨錢財等不人道的行為，由此可見作者的批評態度。